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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

mended Poland accept are on the true Russian pattern. They are so drawn
—like the Tsarist treaties with Turkey—as to afford the Russian rulers a
pretext to interfere in the internal affairs of Poland as the champions of a
Red Polish Party whenever they think fit ..."
In 1945, tne terms recommended to Poland by the Big Three were
similar to those offered by the " champions of the Red Polish Party "
in 1920. Churchill was now not only recognising these terms, and the
4 Curzon Line ', but was even, it seemed, convinced of the e justice' of
this line. . . . Chamberlain's * sweet reasonableness ' by which he had
tried to talk Hitler into believing in the good intentions of the British
Government was increased a thousand fold in Churchill's attempt to
persuade Stalin of his sincerity over the Polish question.
A few weeks later when the successful Allied offensive into the depths of
Germany had been carried out and the threat of a separate Russo-German
peace had vanished, The Times on April 6, explained that at the Crimea
£ there was no violation of the Anglo-Polish Treaty, that only the advice
which the Big Three would tender to the Polish Government had been
decided on.'
" The decision with respect to the boundaries of Poland was a compro-
mise," Roosevelt afterwards explained and he " did not agree with all
of it by any means." It was indeed a c compromise ' as far as Stalin was
concerned, for instead of inserting three-quarters of Poland into the
adjacent Soviet Republics he agreed to be satisfied with half of this country.
But even this c compromise' could not change the reality. Under the
facade of empty words the remainder of the country was to be transformed
into a Soviet Republic. It is true to say the actual term ' Soviet * had
still not been used but the conscripts to the * Polish ' forces in Russian-
occupied Poland were obliged to swear their fidelity and their allegiance
to Stalin as the ' Fuehrer of the Slav nations % while the name of the
Almighty was omitted from their oath, just as it was omitted in the oath
taken by the Cabinet Ministers of this c Lublin Soviet Republic * over
whose frontiers Roosevelt and Churchill were * compromising * at the
The Yalta Declaration like the one at Teheran, was drafted by the
Soviet pen, and its comments on the Atlantic Charter almost seemed
an insult to that document. There was no evidence in the communique
of the c hard-bargaining' about which the Press had been informed^
nor was there trace of any Soviet concession, Eden was to argue later
in the Commons that the word e new 5 in relation to the * Polish Govern-
ment % had been inserted at his request; but as far as the Kremlin
was concerned, this (new * referred to their own * new 5 agents who
were waiting to replace those who formed the £ Lublin Committee.3
Frightened by the spectre of the Red Army troops reaching the shores
of the Dardanelles, occupying Poland and the other countries of the Middle